The Effect of Perineal Massage on Perineal Status and Duration of Labor

Priyani Haryanti


Perineal rupture in postpartum mothers causes bleeding, pain, and high dependency on others after the birth. The preliminary study results showed that 68.81% of postpartum mothers experienced perineal rupture. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of perineal massage on perineal status and length of labor. It was quasi-experimental research with control group post-test only design. The population were all expectant mothers in the Yogyakarta Community Health Center. A sample of 60 respondents were divided into control and intervention groups using a random sampling method. The inclusion criteria were 20-35 years old, singleton pregnancy, spontaneous labor, and gestational age of 34-36 weeks. The study instrument used was an observation sheet. Data were analyzed using descriptive, t-test independent, Mann-Whitney’s, and linear regression test. Results. The results showed that perineal massage affects perineal status (p < 0.001) and the duration of stage I and  stage II of labor (p < 0.001). Perineal massage affects perineal status and the duration of labor in the Yogyakarta City Community Health Center.


perineal massage, perineal status, length of first and second stage

Full Text:



Aasheim, V., Abv, N., Lm, R., & Lukasse, M. (2017). Perineal techniques during the second stage of labour for reducing perineal trauma ( Review ) SUMMARY OF FINDINGS FOR THE MAIN COMPARISON, (6).

Aquino, C. I., Guida, M., Saccone, G., Cruz, Y., Zullo, F., & Berghella, V. (2018). controlled trials ST AC, 7058.

Bulchandani, S., Watts, E., Sucharitha, A., & Yates, D. (2015). Manual perineal support at the time of childbirth : a systematic review and meta-analysis, 12–16.

Cunningham, F., Leveno, K., Bloom, S., Hauth, J., Rouse, D., & Spong, C. (2013). Williams Obstetrics: 23rd Edition (23 edition). English: McGraw-Hill Professional.

Demirel, G., & Golbasi, Z. (2015). Effect of perineal massage on the rate of episiotomy and perineal tearing. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Ferreira-couto, C. M. (2017). Trauma perineal prevention : an integrative literature review Prevenção do traumatismo perineal : uma revisão integrativa da literatura Prevención del trauma perineal : una revisión integradora de la literatura ABSTRACT :, 564–576.

Geranmayeh, M., Rezaei, Z., Fallahkish, B., & Azizabadi, M. (2012). Reducing perineal trauma through perineal massage with vaseline in second stage of labor, 77–81.

Hastings-tolsma, M. (2014). Antenatal perineal massage decreases risk of perineal trauma during birth, 17(3), 2497.

Hauck, Y. L., Lewis, L., Nathan, E. A., White, C., & Doherty, D. A. (2015). Risk factors for severe perineal trauma during vaginal childbirth : A Western Australian retrospective cohort study. Women and Birth, 28(1), 16–20.

Ismail, S. I. M. F., & Emery, S. J. (2013). Patient awareness and aceptability of antenatal perineal massage, (November), 839–843.

Mm, B., & Om, S. (2013). Antenatal perineal massage for reducing perineal trauma ( Review ), (4).

Priddis, H. S., Schmied, V., Kettle, C., Sneddon, A., & Dahlen, H. G. (2014). “ A patchwork of services” - caring for women who sustain severe perineal trauma in New South Wales - from the perspective of women and midwives. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 14(1), 1–14.

Reeder, M., & Koniak-Griffin. (2012). Keperawatan Maternitas: Kesehatan Wanita, Bayi, dan Keluarga (Volume 1) (18th ed.). Jakarta: EGC.

Simkin, P., Whalley, J., & Keppler, A. (2008). Panduan Lengkap Kehamilan, Melahirkan, & Bayi (Edisi Revisi). Jakarta: EGC.

Smith, L. A., Price, N., Simonite, V., & Burns, E. E. (2013). Incidence of and risk factors for perineal trauma : a prospective observational study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 13(1), 1.

Usn, H. (2012). The Use of Perineal Massage in the Second Stage of Labor and Follow-Up of Postpartum Perineal Outcomes, 697–718.

Yuliaswati, E. (2014). = 6,091, nilai p= 0,001). Berdasarkan analisis kualitatif faktor dominan yang menyebabkan bidan tidak melakukan pijat perineum yaitu faktor pengetahuan, sikap, pengalaman, motivasi dan budaya. Kata kunci: pengetahuan, pijat perineum, 11(2), 7–14.

Zare, O., Pasha, H., & Faramarzi, M. (2014). Effect of perineal massage on the incidence of episiotomy and perineal laceration, (May).


  • There are currently no refbacks.