Kemarahan pada Perempuan Kanker Ginekologi

Alia Isna Yudianti

Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh tingginya angka kejadian kanker ginekologi yang direspon secara psikologis berupa kemarahan maladaptif oleh perempuan yang mengidap kanker ginekologi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran kemarahan pada perempuan kanker ginekologi di salah satu rumah sakit di Kota Bandung. Penelitian dilakukan dengan desain deskriptif kuantitatif, variabelnya adalah kemarahan perempuan kanker ginekologi. Responden yang dilibatkan berjumlah 50 orang diambil berdasarkan accidental sampling yang diambil dalam tiga minggu. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah STAXI-2 yang telah diadaptasi ke dalam bahasa Indonesia dengan validitas sebesar 0,85 dan reliabilitas sebesar 0,89. Data dianalisis menggunakan nilai mean dan disajikan dalam bentuk distribusi frekuensi. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan hampir seluruh responden (92%) memiliki intensitas kemarahan (state anger) yang rendah, hampir seluruhnya (94%) memiliki sifat kemarahan (trait anger) rendah, sebagian besar responden (78%) memiliki nilai control out sedang dan control in sedang (84%), dan seluruh (100%) responden memiliki nilai indeks ekspresi kemarahan rendah. Sebagian besar responden memiliki intensitas dan sifat kemarahan rendah dan kurang mampu mengekspresikan kemarahannya. Responden cenderung menekan rasa marah tetapi sewaktu-waktu akan muncul dalam intensitas yang cukup kuat,. Disarankan untuk perawat agar dapat memberikan konsultasi dan terapi bagi pasien kanker ginekologi agar mereka dapat mengekpresikan kemarahannya secara adaptif.

 

Abstract

The background of this research is the high rate of gynecology cancer prevalence which influences the psychological effect called maladaptive anger response in women diagnosed with gynecology cancer. The purpose of this research is to identify the representation of anger in women diagnosed with gynecology cancer at one of the hospital in Kota Bandung. This research used a descriptive design which variable is anger in women diagnosed with gynecology cancer. This research involved 50 respondents were taken based on accidental sampling as long as three weeks. The instrument was using STAXI-2 which had already adopted in Indonesia and the validity is 0,85 and the reliability value is 0,89. The data analyzed using mean and serves in a frequencies distribution form. The result showed that almost all of the respondents (92%) has low state anger, almost all the respondents (94%) has low trait anger, most of respondents (78%) has moderate control out and moderate (84%) control in, and all the respondents (100%) has low index angry expression. Most of the respondents has low intensity of anger, state anger, and also they can’t express their anger adaptively. Respondents prefer push their anger to themselves but in time, anger will appear in a strong enough intensity. Suggested a nurse can develope and give some consultation and therapy to patients diagnosed with gynecology cancer, so they can express their anger in an adaptive way.


Keywords


Anger, gynecology cancer, women

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jks.2017.12.2.739

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