Kualitas hidup pasien Gagal Jantung Kongestif (GJK) berdasarkan karakteristik demografi

Arif Nur Akhmad

Abstract


Patients of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) basically have some symptoms, such as fatigue, dyspnea, and high mortality contributing to affects on their quality of life. Various factors may be related to quality of life, such as age, gender, education, occupation, and NYHA (New York Heart Association) level. This research aims at identifying and explaining demography factors related to quality of life on Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) patients. This research uses descriptive correlation and cross sectional design with 62 patients of Dr. Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta as the sample. Data obtained by using demographic data questionnaire and the SF-36 version of Indonesian. Data were analyzed with Spearman's test. The results showed respondents with a median age 51.14 years (SD = 12.40). Most patients are male (71%), unemployed (69%). and less educated (53%). Quality of life has correlation with NYHA class (p value= 0,001), educational (p value= 0,001), and age (p value= 0,014). There is no correlation between quality of life and gender and occupation. It can be concluded that NYHA class, educational, and age are independent factors related to quality of life

Keywords


Gagal Jantung Kongestif; GJK; Kualitas Hidup; Demografi

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Arroll, B., Doughty, R., and Andersen, V. (2010). Investigation and management of congestive heart failure, BMJ, 341, pp.190-195.

Azwar, S. (2005). Sikap Manusia dan Pengukurannya, Pustaka Setia, Jakarta.

Banerjee, T, Lee, K.S., Browning, S.R., Hopenhayn, C., Westneat, S., et al. (2013). Limited Association Between Perceived Control and Heald Related Quality of Life in Patient With Heart Failure, Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, pp.1-5.

Dimos, A.K., Stougiannos, P.N., Kakkavas, A.T., and Trikas, A.G. (2009). Depression And Heart Failure. Hellenic J Cardiol, 50, pp.410-417.

Dunderdale, K., Thompson, D.R., Miles, J.N.V., Beer, S.F., and Furze G. (2005). Quality-of-life measurement in chronic heart failure: do we take account of the patient perspective?. The European Journal of Heart Failure, pp.572– 582.

Heo, S., Lennie, T. A., Okoli, C., & Moser, D. K. (2009). Quality of Life in Patients With Heart Failure: Ask the Patients, Heart Lung, 38(2), pp.100–108.

Isa, B.A., and Baiyewu, O. (2006). Quality Of Life Patient With Diabetes Mellitus In A Nigerian Teacihng Hospital, Hongkong Journal Psychiatry, 16, pp.27-33.

Juenger, J., Schellberg, D., Kraemer, S., Haunstetter, A., Zugck, C., Herzog, W., and Haass, M. (2002). Health Related Quality Of Life In Patients With Congestive Heart Failure: Comparison With Other Chronic Diseases And Relation To Functional Variable, Heart Journal, 87, pp.235-241.

Lee, D.T.F., Yu, D.S.F., Woo, J., and Thompson, D.R. (2005). Health-related quality of life in patients with congestive heart failure. The European Journal of Heart Failure, pp.419– 422.

Meng, K., Musekamp, G., Seekatz, B., Glatz, J., Karger, G., Kiwus, U., . . . Faller, H. (2013). Evaluation of a self-management patient education program for patients with chronic heart failure undergoing inpatient cardiac rehabilitation: study protocol of a cluster randomized controlled trial. BMC Cardiovasc Disord, 13, 60. doi: 10.1186/1471-2261-13-60.

Notoadmodjo, S. (2007). Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku, Jakarta, PT. Rineka Cipta.

Nurchayati, S. (2011). Analysis of Factors Related to Quality of Life of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergroing Hemodialysis at the Islamic Hospital Fatimah Cilacap and Banyumas District General Hospital. Master Thesis. Universitas Indonesia.

O’Connor, C.M., Whellan, D.J., Lee, K.L., Keteyian, S.J., Cooper, L.S., et al. (2013). Efficacy and Safety of Exercise Training in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure: HF-ACTION Randomized Controlled Trial, JAMA, 301 (14), pp.1439-1450.

Ose, D., Rochon, J., Campbell, S. M., Wensing, M., Freund, T., van Lieshout, J., . . . Ludt, S. (2014). Health-related quality of life and risk factor control: the importance of educational level in prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Eur J Public Health, 24(4), 679-684. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckt139.

Raghu, K.V., Srinivas. V, Kishore, B.A.V., Mohanta, G.P., and Uma, R.R. (2010). A Study on Quality of Life of Patients with Congestive Cardiac Failure. Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 3, pp.33-39.

Rognerud, M.A., and Zahl, P.H. (2006). Social inequalities in mortality: changes in the relative importance of income, education and household size over a 27-year period. Eur J Public Health,16:62–8.

Saryono. (2010), Kumpulan Instrumen Penelitian Kesehatan, Nulia Medika, Yogyakarta.

Smeltzer, S.C., Bare, B.G., Hinkle, J.L., and Cheever, K.H., (2008). Textbook of medical- surgical nursing. 12th Ed, Wolter Kluwer, Lippincott William & Wilkins.

Van der wal, M.H.L., Jaarsma, T., Moser, D.K., and Veeger, N.J.G.M., (2006). Compliance in heart failure patients: the importance of knowlege and beliefs, European Heart Journal, 27, 434-440.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jks.2016.11.1.629

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.